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Dodona ( Doric Greek : Δωδώνα, Dōdṓna , Ionic and Attic Greek : Δωδώνη, [1] Dōdṓnē ) in Epirus in northwestern Greece was the oldest Hellenic oracle, possibly dating to the second millennium BCE according to Herodotus. The earliest accounts in Homer describe Dodona as an oracle of Zeus. Situated in a remote region away from the main Greek poleis , it was considered second only to the oracle of Delphi in prestige.

Aristotle considered the region around Dodona to have been part of Hellas and the region where the Hellenes originated. [2] The oracle was first under the control of the Thesprotians before it passed into the hands of the Molossians. [3] It remained an important religious sanctuary until the rise of Christianity during the Late Roman era.

During classical antiquity, according to various accounts, priestesses and priests in the sacred grove interpreted the rustling of the oak (or beech) leaves to determine the correct actions to be taken. According to a new interpretation, the oracular sound originated from bronze objects hanging from oak branches and sounded with the wind blowing, similar to a wind chime. [4]

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What is the origin of the Olympic Games? Origins Traditionally it has always been said that the Games started at Olympia in 776 BC, about the time that Homer was born. But for several centuries before that date Olympia had been a cult site for the worship of Zeus, a numinous location away from human dwellings, overlooked by a hill, with the sacred River Alph flowing through it. What was it that caused people to change from honouring Zeus solely with dedicatory offerings, to honouring him through athletics? Several factors seem to have been involved. One is the rise of the Greek polis, or city-state. As city-states in different locations grew, each wanted a means of asserting its supremacy, so would send representatives to Olympia to become supreme in physical competition. What is the origin of the Red Sea? The Red Sea formed by Arabia splitting from Africa due to plate tectonics. This split started in the Eocene and accelerated during the Oligocene. The sea is still widening and it is considered that the sea will become an ocean in time (as proposed in the model of John Tuzo Wilson). Sometimes during the Tertiary period the Bab el Mandeb closed and the Red Sea evaporated to an empty hot dry salt-floored sink. Effects causing this would be:- A "race" between the Red Sea widening and Perim Island erupting filling the Bab el Mandeb with lava. The lowering of world sea level during the Ice Ages due to much water being locked up in the ice caps. .

Although there is no standard description, ancient coins are typically classified by geographic origin and culture rather than chronology. This is because the civilizations these coins come from span a range of years and do not have one common end date. For example, ancient Roman coins include those made until the fall of Rome around 476 A.D., while ancient metal money from the Byzantine Empire was issued until the fall of Constantinople in 1453 A.D.

Most ancient coins collected today come from Ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, and the three distinct Persian Empires. Ancient Greek coins are some of the oldest, dating from 800 B.C. to 100 A.D. Roman coins were minted from 400 B.C. to 476 A.D. and include Roman Republic and Roman Imperial coins, the latter of which changed based on the emperor at the time. The Byzantine Empire spanned from 330 to 1204 A.D. and again from 1261 to 1453 A.D. The broad ancient Persian Empire has the widest range, from approximately 550 B.C. to 651 A.D.

Ancient coins are the most plentiful of all collectable antiquities. Their value is typically determined by historical accuracy and condition rather than how old or rare they are. It is not uncommon to see two similar coins with very different valuations.